Hong Kong’s democracy movement
This chapter traces the evolution of Hong Kong’s democracy movement from the late years of British colonial rule until late 2018. It shows that Hong Kong’s democracy movement should be considered the proverbial canary in the coal mine. While Hong Kong’s democracy movement managed to take advantage of the political opportunities offered by the late British colonial government prior to the handover, post-1997 it came up against the institutional bottlenecks of incomplete legislative council reforms and a rather ambiguously worded Basic Law. Hong Kong’s anti-national education curriculum movement merits further investigation, as it is indicative of how young social activists have started to protect their interests and values in unconventional ways. It outlines how civil society actors have joined Hong Kong’s struggle for democracy through social movements. After the successful 2003 rally against the enactment of Article 23 of the Basic Law, social movements in Hong Kong underwent significant change.