chapter  5
28 Pages

Progress in Cognitive Neuroscience

WithDaniel S. Levine

The growth of the connections between neuroscience and cognitive science can be attributed mainly to the noninvasive brain mapping techniques and to the presence in every researcher’s office and laboratory of computers capable of handling what are called “big data.” While cognitive neuroscience is a young field, a number of studies have become classic enough to be part of the canon of neuroscientists, psychologists, and neural modelers alike. The cognitive neuroscience of sequences has a history, starting with single-cell studies on monkeys learning sequences in the mid-1990s and later supplemented by human imaging studies. A. Bechara and his colleagues tested subjects with and without damage to either the orbital frontal cortex or amygdala. They found that the subjects without brain damage begin with selections from one of the risky decks but gradually begin to shift toward advantageous decks as the task progresses.