This chapter looks at the breadth and structure of the governance process from the enterprise level down to the project level. Merriam-Webster dictionary defines governance as "the organization, machinery, or agency through which a political unit exercises authority and performs functions and which is usually classified according to the distribution of power within it". This definition can be applied to both the total organizational structure and project management. In this context, governance is more defined as a set of management and control relationships. At the project level this involves the principles and decision-making processes-related actions to ensure successful completion of the venture. Project governance extends the general principle of enterprise governance downward into individual projects. Many organizations today have recognized their shortcomings in this aspect of project management methodology and are developing formal project level governance structures. The chapter presents an assessment categorization model for evaluating future technology roles in the organization with a governance focus.