The educational system is operated by three classes of persons: the parents, the Local Authorities, and the teachers. All may be well-meaning, but they lack a common object and common assumptions. In a liberal society, the individual's concern for the State is as much a duty as the State's concern for the individual; but this is a concept beyond the grasp of schoolchildren and the State cannot be surprised that in this direction the schools fail to satisfy its demand. The reform of Local Government is long overdue and if it is to survive in small units it is time for the authorities to appreciate that liberty does not necessarily lie in objecting to more financial aid. To reduce the size of classes will be costly in manpower, in salaries and in buildings, but the essential nature of this advance is beyond doubt.