This chapter addresses the questions: what is domestic violence? what is distinctive about Islamic psychotherapy with women who are victims of domestic violence? and finally, what theories and methods does Islamic psychotherapy use and how do these approaches empower or disempower Muslim women? It also addresses the questions by engaging in a careful analysis of heuristic stories of Muslim women who experience domestic violence. The chapter discusses key themes from these case studies in dialogue with relevant literature from the fields of Islamic studies and the social sciences. It recommends ways to respond to this crisis in the Muslim community. The chapter refers domestic violence to a wide variety of aggressive and problematic behaviors on multiple levels. It uses the term "women who are victims of domestic violence" to refer specifically to the full range of abuses that male partners inflict against their female partners. The chapter presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in this book.