Incest trauma, psychoanalysis, and the brain
Sandor Ferenczi reported that incest trauma contributes to personality disorders, emotional disturbances, and the development of psychopathology. Based on neuroscience research, its link to the attachment theory and the aftermath of trauma, the authors believe a contemporary relational approach informed by the Budapest School of Psychoanalysis is effective in treating patients suffering from a wide range of dissociative patterns. In the twenty-first century, technical advances aid neuroscience researchers, and have provided further proof of the pervasive neurobiological effects of cumulative trauma on the brain, the central nervous system, and the physiological systems of the body. The case of Laura illuminates the impact of cumulative trauma on one's sense of self and self in relationships. Traumatic episodes have contributed to the development of Laura's personality disorder consisting of obsessive, compulsive, narcissistic, borderline, and paranoid features. The profound impact of trauma on the body, brain, self, and self in relationships has been evident in the analysis with Laura.