chapter  Eight
ByAndré E. Haynal
Pages 9

"Dissidence" is defined in the Oxford Dictionary as "disagreeing, esp. with an established government, system etc". Obviously, it is an expression from the vocabulary of political or religious totalitarian movements, which consider it necessary, for their reaction to be effective, that people must be loyal to, and have solidarity with, all the details of a political programme. "To dissent" seems to be something other than "dissidence". The latter refers to a group process and has political and institutional connotations that are ecclesiastical or religious in origin. It also refers more to external action, while "dissent" has, rather, to do with internal feelings. As the analyst needs his analysands for his psychic equilibrium, so Freud obviously also needed his pupils. Besides, he clearly suffered from the "splendid isolation" of the 1890s, connected with his self-exploration; this was easier in dialogue. Perhaps he was also concerned with the preservation of his own thoughts: that he had no double, no twin transference.