A question of conscience
The ego is always active—it either takes in or pushes out. When it pushes out, it does so into a figure in the person's emotional environment. The persecuting superego is incarnate in an individual. The persecution is experienced as coming from the individual with whom there is some emotional link, or the national or group representative of such an individual. Now the ego has only two options: it can either push out—project the gestalt—or start to do something. The ego is able to take up a psychological stance of rejection of part of its own structure and then shit it out into an external figure. Whether conscience functions consciously or unconsciously depends upon the extent of integration in the personality at any one time. For conscience to function consciously, it is necessary for the personality to have achieved a certain degree of integration.