The methodology used is psychoanalytic as an evolutionarily science of the mind, taking into consideration patients’ socio-cultural and intercultural characteristics. The centrality of transference and countertransference and dreams is emphasized, as is the need for a creative and flexible approach to therapy and reconstruction when working with a traumatized person. O. Kernberg suggests that in psychoanalysis, to do justice to the richness of the psychoanalytic situation as in other areas of research, once a body of research has been produced, the results can be “woven together” to “restore complexity” to the research endeavour. The chapter argues that in the interactive matrix of psychoanalytic treatment, vulnerability and dissociative behaviours have multiple meanings that demand further exploration. In working with traumatized people, the work of mourning is considered relevant as a process of elaborating and integrating the reality of loss or traumatic shock by remembering and repeating it in a symbolic and dialogic manner.