The Case of the Uninformed Rapist
Starting in 1963 the US Supreme Court “incorporated” the criminal provisions of the Bill of Rights so that they applied to the states as well as to the federal government. The Court set minimal standards that all states had to follow, and thus nationalized the rights of the accused. This chapter discusses a rape case which is happened at United States on 1963, the victim was an eighteen-year-old woman and the rapist was twenty-three-year-old Ernesto Miranda. On March 13 the police arrested Miranda and placed him in a lineup, where the victim identified him as the man who had abducted and raped her. Another woman identified him as the man who had robbed several months earlier. Miranda confessed to both the abduction and rape as well as the robbery, and his account of the events matched those provided by the two women.