Conflicts and Resolution
This chapter focuses on four conflicts. First, the military has played an extra-constitutional role, has at times been politicized, and at one time demanded a permanent role in the operation of the government. Second, Bangladesh has been involved in a lasting struggle with the tribes in the Chittagong Hill Tracts that may be coming to an end. Third, there has been a lack of cooperation between the government party and the opposition, for which Bangladesh has at times incurred significant political and economic costs. Finally, as an aftermath of September 11, 2001, extremism and terrorism are emerging issues. The roots of Bangladesh's military history can be traced back to the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, when the Bengal Army of British India rebelled against British rule. Mujibur Rahman was keenly aware that he needed a praetorian guard loyal to him first and then to the country.