Modernization and Development: Prospects and Problems
This chapter examines the effectiveness of the Sri Lankan government in resolving the problems it faces. Three serious problems stand out. The first is the search for economic development. The second is the crisis of political development and the difficulty of maintaining a democratic system. The third is the need to resolve the deep ethnic differences that continue to divide the country, even after the end of the civil war. Most of the political systems of the third world are facing a political development crisis: trying to meet the needs of their societies with limited resources and government institutions that are incapable of achieving goals. After twenty-five years of civil war, it is no longer certain that Sri Lanka can maintain its democratic institutions. The Sri Lankan political system is majoritarian, meaning that it allows a simple majority to exert its will over the minority groups in the country.