chapter  2
30 Pages

Political Culture and Heritage: A Changing Political Culture

WithRobert C. Oberst, Yogendra K. Malik, Charles H. Kennedy, Ashok Kapur, Mahendra Lawoti, Syedur Rahman, Ahrar Ahmad

Historians often divide Indian history into three distinct periods: Hindu, Muslim, and British. Each period left its impact on the cultural and sociopolitical structure of the country, leading to a composite culture enriched by these diverse sources. The origins of Hindu India can be traced back to the highly developed Indus Valley civilization of Harappa and Mohenjodaro, which thrived from 2000 to 1500 BC. The interaction between Muslims and Hindus in India followed various patterns. British rule brought India face-to-face with a dynamic, creative, and vibrant culture. A description of India's social structure and the nature of its political culture can help us understand the conditions under which the country operates. Despite the confluence of the various cultures that have affected the Indian people, the Hindu worldview constitutes the dominant cultural force in the society. Nationalism as a movement was preceded by cultural revivalism and a social-reform movement.