chapter  25
16 Pages

Political Heritage and Culture

WithRobert C. Oberst, Yogendra K. Malik, Charles H. Kennedy, Ashok Kapur, Mahendra Lawoti, Syedur Rahman, Ahrar Ahmad

India has significant influence in social, economic, and political spheres in Nepal. The history of Nepal begins with the conquest of the Kathmandu Valley in 1768–1769. The group's dominance began with the conquest of Nepal and was strengthened further with the consolidation of the Nepali state. The caste system affected Nepal's political culture and society in myriad ways. The British East India Company took an increasing interest in Nepal from the period of Rana Bahadur Shah. The Ranas discouraged education and did not attempt to develop the country and society. The ethnic composition of Nepal and its cultural heritage have been deeply influenced by India and Tibet. The central place of Hinduism in Nepal's political setup has been increasingly challenged by different segments of the society, especially indigenous nationalities and revolutionary groups. Madhesi becomes 32. 67 percent if Madhesi Dalit, Muslim, and other religious and linguistic minorities and indigenous nationalities are added to it.