The Government of India has a poor record of conflict management, while the number of issues requiring resolution has grown and the fault lines have deepened. The agenda for conflict management has grown in importance precisely when the authority of the central government has declined, even as the military and police capacity of the Indian state has increased since 1947. The political means sought conflict resolution within the framework of the Indian constitution. The Sino-Soviet split was reflected in the split in Indian communism, which led to the formation of a triangular relationship, with the Congress Party and Indian Marxists aligned against the Maoists. While the headlines highlight Hindu-Muslim conflicts in Kashmir, Ayodhya, and Gujrat, the three conflict zones deserve attention: India's northeastern region, Jammu and Kashmir, and India's eastern and central region, where Naxalite-Maoist insurgency is ongoing.