chapter  3
17 Pages

The Evolution of Russian Agriculture, 1960-1990: Organization and Management Priorities

ByGrigory Ioffe, Tatyana Nefedova

In agriculture the Communist Party apparatus not only determined the general strategy but through its local organs kept in check production units and collective and state farms. In agriculture professional control was relaxed while Party control was more immediate and disruptive and was a combination of micromanagement and arbitrary rule. The crash industrialization that had commenced in 1928 was conducted against the backdrop of grave underachievements in agriculture. The late 1950s - early 1960s saw the slowing down of agricultural growth. The term referred to making agriculture more capital intensive per unit of land (rather than expanding it indefinitely), a strategy which was expected to result in higher yields. The proportion of agriculture in the overall budget allocation was driven as high as to 29% in selected years. As a result, in 1965-1990, the monetary value of fixed assets of Russian agriculture increased sixfold.