Prejudge and Partition
Antonius considered discriminatory colonial institutions the "second main underlying cause of the disturbances," after the partition of Syria. In light of the unequal investigation of perspectives, Antonius felt the case had been prejudged against Palestinians. Regarding the details of the partition plan, the proposed Jewish state was to include "central and northern" Palestine along with the coastal shore and historic Arab towns such as Acre and Galilee, as well as some of the most fertile land in Palestine. As Antonius and Magnes had warned, the partition plan did indeed provoke renewed violence. Palestinians resumed their revolt after publication of the partition plan in July 1937, and the government was ruthless in response, generating further attacks and assassinations. Since Britain's failure to fulfill its obligations to the Arabs had "rendered the Mandate null and void," the Palestinian witnesses argued, the mandate should be terminated with an Anglo-Palestinian Treaty comparable to Iraq's.