Resignation: A Protest
The missions introduced Antonius as a mediator in the delineation of territorial boundaries for the Arab national goal of federation, and expanded his pan-Arab network. Antonius was transferred under intense protest to the post of assistant secretary for Arab affairs in the Secretariat. Since Antonius had accepted the post in Palestine's Department of Education, he had expected—particularly because of Samuel's assurances in 1922—that he would be promoted to the post of deputy director after he had fulfilled grade three requirements in November 1924. In A. J. Balfour, Antonius encountered the imperial mentality—arrogant, self-righteous, and self-assured of superiority. Antonius accepted Clayton's invitation to join the September 1925 mission, which resulted from Ibn Saud's ousting of Sheriff Hussein from the Hijaz. Throughout 1928 and 1929, Antonius wrote many letters and met with many British officials in the hope that the justice of his case would persuade them to lobby for his return to the Department of Education.