chapter  1
36 Pages

Corruption

17The Battle for Its Definition
WithDavid Arellano-Gault

It is no exaggeration to say that there is a global battle to reduce corruption. It is battle which, for various reasons, has mainly been concentrated in developing countries in order to encourage them to design and implement policies and strategies to control and even eliminate corruption. Several of these campaigns have been created by international organizations and supported with funds from developed countries, establishing a clear, dominant pattern showing that the problem is predominantly located in developing countries. International concern over the issue has become a kind of necessity and sometimes obsession, even becoming a clause in international trade treaties and a condition for sending aid to countries in crisis. Perhaps that is why it is increasingly common for various people to advocate studying this phenomenon; in other words, to analyze the reasons why so many organizations and countries have placed so much emphasis on the battle against corruption in developing countries. The question is, for example, what economic and political interests do these organizations and their assistance pursue? Is this battle a disinterested effort by all those involved? Is the central objective of this battle really to reduce corruption effectively and thereby achieve the common good?