chapter  1
15 Pages

War and diplomacy

WithAlexander Stagnell

Most notably, the notion of an Ideological State Apparatus seems out of place in the realm of international politics since, at least in the traditional Marxist understanding, a state apparatus constitutes the “execution and intervention ‘in the interests of the ruling classes’ in the class struggle conducted by the bourgeoisie and its allies against the proletariat” within the state. So, as Freud continues, the fact that a society in practice never consists solely of equals means that, on the one hand, the leaders will always attempt to move beyond or transform the law in order to secure their grip on power, while those oppressed by the same law will attempt to change the entire fabric of society by appealing to the claim that they are turning “unequal justice to equal justice for all.”.