chapter  1
23 Pages

Introduction

WithBaniateilang Majaw

The challenges of climate change, which the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) defines as the change in the state of the climate that can be identified by changes in the mean and/or variability of its properties persisting for an extended period, are very complex, where people all over the world are facing its effects, regardless of geographical location and socio-economic status. This can be seen from the predictions of the Fourth and Fifth Assessment Reports of the IPCC, which predict that the future consequences of climate change are:(i) water shortages; (ii) sea level rise; (iii) increasing rate of strong cyclones, storm surges; (iv) coastal erosion and sea water intrusion; (v) migration etc. These consequences may not directly result in violence, but have the possibility to worsen existing challenges like weak governance, poverty, historical grievances, and ethnic differences.