chapter  Chapter II
108 Pages

The Persian Gulf under Islam

WithCol. S. B. Miles

The grand central idea of Islam was Monotheism, as a protest against the Trinity of the Christians and the idols and nature worship of the heathen. Among the causes that led to the almost passive surrender of Arabs' independence and the easy grasp of absolute sway by the Khalif’s lieutenant, were the universal desire to engage in commercial pursuits by the Omani Arabs, and the spread of effeminacy, luxury, and indolence, following in the wake of the revival of trade. This revival, which was so sudden and extensive that it might almost be called a new birth, had taken place in the Persian Gulf about two centuries before, and the riches amassed for themselves by the community through this commerce and industry, had tended to greatly alter the social aspect of their lives.