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35 Pages

Introduction

One of the more dramatic images that Hayek has left us from his long life-he was born in Vienna in 1899 and died in Freiburg, Germany in 1992-was the preparation he made in 1939 for a possible escape from Nazi-controlled Austria which he wanted to visit before the outbreak of war. Although by then he was a British subject and could travel with a British passport, "I didn't want to be suspected of having any special privileges with the Germans", he remembered. "I knew those mountains so well that 1 could just walk out. 1 knew [the mountains in Carinthia] well enough, even better than the Vorarlberg-Switzerland boundary". I Those boundaries, indeed all of the boundaries of Eastern Europe which had to be established following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian empire, lay at the core of much of the horror inflicted on the twentieth century.