chapter
Heritage Democracies
Indigenous Equality in Practice
ByJoe Parker
Pages 39

Democratic practices in Indigenous communities and movements are not restricted to those modeled on the modern nation state. 1 Although some Indigenous communities have adopted practices modeled on the modern nation state, often as a result of direct or indirect pressure by modern states, they often preserve heritage practices that have different histories. These forms challenge the norms that come from Europe through the violences of the colonial and imperial histories, demonstrating that not all democracies are understandable under the same universal categories. 2