chapter  6
46 Pages

Learning, memory, and forgetting

ARCHITECTURE OF MEMORY Throughout most of the history of memory research, it has been assumed that there is an important distinction between short-term memory and long-term memory. It seems reasonable that the processes involved in briefl y remembering a telephone number are very different from those involved in long-term memory for theories and research in psychology. This traditional view is at the heart of multi-store models, which are discussed initially. In recent times, however, some theorists have argued in favour of unitary-store models in which the distinction between shortterm and long-term memory is much less clear-cut than in the tradi tional approach. We will consider unitary-store models shortly.