chapter  2
12 Pages

Challenges to Europe's Nuclear Status Quo

Challenges to Europe's Nuclear Status Quo Since the early 1990S, both the scope and the means of nuclear deterrence have been restricted, and the number of countries giving up procuring a national nuclear arsenal, or removing nuclear weapons from their territory, has increased. Nuclear arsenals have been steadily reduced, and the development of nuclear warheads has been constrained by the CTBT and self-imposed fissile-materialproduction cut-offs. Non-aligned countries and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are increasingly voicing their opposition to the continued possession of nuclear weapons. As a result of these changes, claims that nuclear deterrence is in danger of being 'delegitimised' have become commonplace.