To Alexander Taïrov, as to many of his contemporaries, the actors of the Meyerhold Theatre were mere puppets in the hands of their director. At the same time, however, he considered that the actors of the Moscow Art Theatre were too dominated by the author. Of the school of naturalism he wrote scathingly, 'Little by little the theatre has turned into an experimental laboratory for psychopathological research . . . the naturalistic theatre suffers from a dysentery of formlessness'.