chapter  XII
26 Pages

The First Human Societies. The Clan and Totemism. The Peoples : Hunters, Fishers and Navigators, Shepherds and Farmers. Dissolution of the Clan. Formation of Social Classes

Nevertheless it is advisable for the study of man’s primitive economic life to lay down principles which may serve us as guides. In the beginning man appears to us very much as he is to-day, as an individual, that is to say, a being distinct from and separated from others, forming a selfcontained whole, living a distinct life, and as a social being, that is to say, living by preference and by necessity in a society.