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The legacy per vindicationem: Titio hominem Stichum do, lego, invested the legatee immediately with the real right bequeathed to him, thereby authorizing him to claim it and contradicting the heir's call to the whole inheritance.2 Thus the Proculians said that it was acquired merely by declared acceptance; but the Sabinian doctrine which made its acquisition dependent on aditio or on the fulfilment of the condition, failing repudiation, carried the day.3 Its object had to be something owned by the testator both at the moment when he made his will and at his death.4 The sanction was the action corresponding to the real right bequeathed.5