TAYLORISM AND FORMAL THEORIES OF ADMINISTRATION
The second line of thought which has contributed to our knowledge about organisations has Frederic W. Taylor as its starting point. T aylor, in contradistinction to the classical writers on bureaucracy, is not so much interested in the organisational problems of society's power-structure, but in the practical problem of efficiency. His main unit of analysis is not society as a whole, but the individual at the workplace. Although Taylor is more concerned with the worker as an isolated unit rather than as an organisational member, a brief analysis of his approach and its organisational implications is important for understanding subsequent theoretical developments which try to complement or to refute the Taylorian system.