THE CLASSICAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF BUREAUCRACY
Despite the variety of sources from which the classical writings on bureaucracy have sprung, it is possible to identify in all of them a common and recurrent preoccupation around which one can organise all the early literature on the subject: this was to enquire into the impact of the growth of large-scale organisations on the power-structure of society. In what ways does 'big' government or 'big' business influence the political institutions of modern society? Or, on the level of the individual, in what ways are such developments going to affect man's chances for a free and meaningful existence? In a cruder way, the problem is to find out whether bureaucracy, despite its dimensions, is still an administrative apparatus for the implementation of social goals or whether it has lost its instrumental character; whether from a tool in the hands of the legitimate policy-making body, it has become itself the master dictating the general goals to be pursued.