chapter  10
9 Pages

Some Statutory Health and Welfare Services

The twentieth century soon showed that neither the Poor Law nor private beneficence could cope satisfactorily with the social problems which existed or were being created so rapidly, especially in towns, and a steady trend towards greater statutory responsibility was marked by (a) the provision of free meals for necessitous children, (b) non-contributory pensions at 70, (c) contributory social insurance, (d) county council responsibility for public assistance in 1929, (e) the creation of the

National Assistance Board in 1939 and (f) greatly increased county council responsibility for a variety of social welfare provisions under the National Health Act of 1949. From this point onwards, each citizen has enjoyed a public aid and has been entitled to an adequate subsistence determined according to a national standard of minimum adequacy.