chapter  3
8 Pages

Occupations and Crafts

THE predominant occupations of workers in any village varies from locality to locality yet there is a noticeable tendency for people to think of most villages as farming or agricultural villages. This was true of much of rural England a century or so ago, and of many villages less than fifty years ago, but radical changes have taken place since World War I. Between 1931 and 1951, throughout England and Wales, male workers in agricultural and horticultural occupations declined by 20 per cent to a total of 872,299. This represents 6 per cent of the total occupied population but the proportion varies very considerably over the country as a whole; the national proportion may be contrasted with that for Devon (22.6 per cent) and for Norfolk (33.3 per cent).1