THE BACKGROUND OF EDUCATIONAL RECONSTRUCTION
Middlesbrough's problems of educational reconstruction are not unique, they are shared by every local education authority in the country. But here they are accentuated by the specific social and physical structure of the town. Its rapid growth during the 19th century has left a legacy of obsolescence and lack of breathing space. Small houses were crowded together; the schools in the old mean streets were built on narrow sites; and no playing fields were provided. A large child population, which is predominantly working class, requires special care. Problems of poverty are always present. Because of ill-health, and because of domestic demands made on them, many children cannot even take full advantage of existing education facilities.