THE AREA OF THE RESEARCH
As a preliminary to the study of the educational experience of a group of borstal boys in relation to the educational facilities, as part of borstal training, it is proposed to examine the followmg areas: (A) EDUCATION: ITS CONCEPTION AND
BORSTAL TRAINING (E) THE METHOD OF SELECTION OF THE SAMPLE
The recognition in this country that education had a role to play in penal institutions could be said to have its beginnings, during the early nineteenth century, in the work of a devout Christian, Sarah Martin. The conditions in Yarmouth Prison, which Sarah Martin first visited in 1818, were described as 'filthy, confined, unhealthy, and its occupants were infested with vermin and skin disease'. At this time no attempt was made to segregate prisoners according to age; consequently the age
As a result of what she saw, Sarah Martin was determined to try to improve the lot of the prisoner. She set prisoners to work making articles for sale, and with the money obtained, part was saved and given them on release, and part was set aside to buy religious books, which she used in teaching prisoners to read: 'Any who could not read I encouraged to learn; ... whilst such as could write already copied extracts from books lent to them. Prisoners, who were able to read, committed verses from the Holy Scriptures to memory every day, according to their ability and inclination.'