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Chap. VII. CLASS DIFFERENCES

M aclver1 defines a social class as, “ any portion of a com­ munity which is marked off from the rest, not by limitations arising out of language, locality, function, or specialisation, but primarily by social status” . This definition at once raises the question what is social status and how is it determined? Is social status determined by sex, age, relationship, birth, occupation, education or by the possession of more or less wealth or intelli­ gence? O r does it depend on a way of life and outlook, a feeling of belongingness to one group rather than to another? Or does it consist o f a complicated mixture of these objective and sub­ jective criteria?