chapter  III
Human Production
Pages 13

A spider conducts operations which resemble those of a weaver, and a bee through the construction of its wax cells puts many a human architect to shame. But what above all distinguishes the worst architect from the best of bees is that he has already built the cell in his head before he builds it in wax. At the end of the labor process a result comes about which was already present ideally in the representation of the laborer at its begin­ ning. He not only works a change in form on something natural; he at the same time actualizes in something natural his own

purpose, and he knows this purpose as determining the kind and mode of his action, and as sofnething to which he must subject his will.1