chapter  4
Pages 30

In adult thought, or at least in scientific thought, any relation of causality presupposes a temporal relation. Whether one agrees with E. Meyerson that causality is identity in time, or with H. Hoeffding, L. Brunschvicg, and the Kantian tradition that it is an analogic application of the relation of reason to consequence in temporal series, in any case the cause is considered anterior to the effect. It is only in certain magical connections that effect and cause appear simultaneously, but here again distinction must be made between the moment when the relation is automatized and the moment it arises in the course of the behavior patterns in which awareness of duration certainly plays a role. How does this apply to sensorimotor causality, whose evolution we have just traced?