chapter
'THE CASE OF MONIQUE'
Pages 6

INOURRESEARCHwehavestudiedseparationofchildrenfrom theirmothersfromtheageof1yearto3yearsold.Theinitialreaction isapproximatelythesameforeverychildoflessthan3yearsof age:first,aphaseofacutedistress-itcries,callsforitsmother, protests,isveryupset,isinconsolable,andweeps.Thisstageof acutedistress,whichcanhaveseriousconsequences,includinga genuinestateofshock,continuesforfromonetothreeweeks,after whichthechildgivessomeappearanceofhavingadapteditselfto itsnewsituation.Closeobservationwillshowthatthisisnotareal adaptationbutratherthatthechildnolongerhasthestrengthto struggle,andgivesup,althoughhecontinuestosuffer.Ifthechild isapproachedatthattime,hemayclingtothepersonwhoapproacheshimandthenbegintoweepandcryagain.Then,afterthe separationhaslastedmorethanseveralweeksormonths,littleby littlethechildnotonlyceasestodemandanyformofmotherlycare butmayevenrejectthecarewhichisoffered.Hisstateatthattime isoneofapathyanddistress,andintrovertedlackofinterestinthe exteriorworld.Duringthislastperiodthechildbecomesincapacitatedinhisabilitytoestablishrelationswithotherchildrenand adults,anditseemsthatthisincapacityleavesanindeliblemarkon thesubsequentformationofhispersonality.