chapter  XVII
CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
Pages 10

Amovementofinternationalimportancedirectlyfollowed. Twoyearslater,Sully,founderofthenewBritishAssociation forChildStudy,publishedhiswidelypopularStudiesof Childhood.Asimilarorganizationforchildstudywas shortlyformedinParis,andkindredorganizationswere establishedinseveralothercitiesofFrance.Binet'sstudies ofthethoughtprocessesofhisownchildren(p.239)were carriedoutshortlythereafter,andinI904hebeganto devisethoseintelligencetests(p.348)for"youngchildren" fromwhichsuchavastquantityofresearchinthe psychologyofbothchildrenandadultshasfollowed.In Germanythemovementtookmorepreciselyaneducational form,incloseconnectionwiththeschoolsystem.Emphasis wasplaceduponclass-roomexperimentation.Oneofthe leaderswasMeumann,whoseuseofmentaltestsinthe schools 1stimulatedmuchsubsequentresearch.ThechildstudymovementrapidlyspreadtotheScandinavian countries,toBelgiumandtheNetherlands.InItalythe movementfounditswayalreadypreparedbyyearsof excellentmedicalandbiologicalstudyofthechild,•while inSwitzerland,alwayseminentineducationalcontributions, theexpresslypsychologicalfeaturesofthemovementwere welcomed.IntheUnitedStatesattentionwasgiven especiallytothestudyofthelearningprocessandtothe measurementofthevariousattainmentsoftheschoolchild (e.g.,spelling,reading,handwriting).