Simon Sergeant Call Innovation in the Elt Curriculum
Computers in commerce and industry are associated with higher efﬁciency.This assumption has been carried into the educational arena, and into language teaching in particular, with varying degrees of success. CALL as a discipline is establishing a research base after several years’ local trial and error supported by anecdote. However, research is often carried out under ideal conditions which are only partially realizable within the constraints of everyday use.These local constraints are informed by attitudes of the major stakeholders in CALL: managers (usually non-users), CALL personnel (initial users), and teachers and students (end-users). Students, who are the recipients of CALL, are the least consulted during the decision-making process.They are also the ones who are most disadvantaged if CALL is not effectively implemented.