chapter  IV
Pages 8

To George Campbell we are indebted for the word "Kolarian," as the name of a class of Non-Aryans in Central India, who are not Dravidians. Hodgson had first drawn attention to the affinity betwixt the aborigines of Central India and Southern India with the aborigines of the Himalayas. Max Muller, in his celebrated letter on the Turanian Languages to Baron Bunsen, pointed out, that there were clearly two distinct Families of Languages. Cald well made up the Dravidian Family by the inclusion of some of the tribes of Central India and the exclusion of others. Campbell collected roughly those excluded tribes into a Family of their own, and in 1866 called them Kolarian, and that name is now accepted. Like the Dravidian, it is morphologically Agglutinative, but with distinct characteristics. Like the Tibeto-Burman, it probably found its way to its present habitat from the plateau of Tibet, but it has so long been cut off from all connection with that Family by the storm-wave of the Aryan immigration down the valley of the Ganges, that nothing but faint analogies survive. It must decidedly be treated, as an independent Family, occupying ground in the Provinces of Bengal and Madras and the Central Provinces, chiefly in the hills, and intermixed with the more energetic Families, the Aryan and Dravidian. Nearly two millions have kept their Language. Ethnologically the number is greater,

but whole tribes, like the Bhils in Khandesh, Mal wa, and Rajpootana, the Bhars, Bhuyas, &c., have adopted an Aryan Language in debased Dialects. While, on the one hand, Trumpp is of opinion that Brahui, which I have provisionally classed as Aryan, is Kolarian; on the other hand, from the necessity of the case, I am constrained to class the Mal-Paharia, or Naia Dumka, as Kolarian, or leave them out altogether, or form a separate Family for them, which would be hardly justified by the scanty material.