chapter  I
18 Pages

THE MEANING OF INTEGRATION

Owing to increasing specialization in the study of human behavior, there has been a lack of integrated scientific theory. All knowledge tends to be unitary, and disciplinary activities are only artifacts required because of man's limited grasp of the universe of ideas. But as specialization increases, scholars reach the point where they begin to ask significant questions that cannot be answered satisfactorily within their own framework. They seek knowledge and assistance from scholars in other areas who are usually asking questions that also require outside help for answers. Often, however, contacts and conversations between two or more disciplines reveal that the information sought is possessed by no one. The sociologist, for example, may have meaningful questions to ask the endocrinologist about endocrinal imbalances and their possible reia..:. tion to deviant behavior, only to learn that the biologist is unable to provide adequate answers to his questions. The reverse, obviously, also occurs.