4. France – An Alternative Type?
Bergier's (1983) "Swiss Model" of industrialization starts with high grade cotton and other consumption goods, makes use of highly skilled, yet still cheap labour, in relativery small factories in rural setting which are able to use water power. Where possible, these would be supplied by components made by domestic labour from the surrounding countryside, and when that became scarce, also from neighbouring territories outside the Swiss border. Pre-existing merchant capital helped in trading, but little outside capital was required in industry.