chapter  1
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3. Switzerland

Swiss engineering ingenuity was most remarkable. Possibly the precision work required in watch making may have contributed to this. Steam power came late, but it was in textile machinery that the early engineers showed their skill and innovative abilities, while J.C. Fischer pioneered the production of cast steel in Europe (Henderson 1954, chapter 9, Lincke 1910). By the 1850's, machinery exports greatly exceeded imports. For railways the terrain was difficult, and little was done until the 1850's. But then building proceeded apace (Table V), in part with the help of British engineers and French capital.