chapter  4
48 Pages

Types of Organizations: Households, Firms and Government Organizations

Lincoln, Hanada and McBride (1986) compare 55 American and 51 Japanese manufacturing firms. Despite strong similarities across the two countries, which support the idea that firms in similar industries and with access to similar pools of labor adopt similar organizational structures, the authors find certain (though mainly weak) differences. They summarize their findings on the United States and Japan by stating that, in comparison with American plants, 'Japanese manufacturing organizations have taller hierarchies, less functional specialization, less formal delegation of authority but more de facto participation'.