Its rulers had ambitious ideas. The superiority of communism to capitalism was to be proved. Russia must advance faster than any other country had ever done before. She certainly needed rapid advance, as the standard of living of her peoples was among the lowest in the world. And if communism was to be defended from further foreign intervention, the country must become strong industrially. O f its industrial resources there could be no doubt, nor any doubt that industrialisation was the one certain way to increase the standard of living. And so the First Five Year Plan was born.