B ETW E EN 1887-8 the British Government finally took over the rule of Zululand, despite Dinuzulu’s armed opposition. In a short time Government rule was confirmed.2 Today it is a vital part of Zulu life: of ten matters I heard discussed one day in a chief’s council seven were directly concerned with Government. Fifty years of close contact with Europeans have radically changed Zulu life along the lines known all over South Africa.3 The military organization has been broken and peace established. The adoption of the plough has put agricultural labour on to the men, and they go out to work for Europeans in Durban, Johannesburg, and elsewhere. The development of new activities and needs, the work of various Government departments, missions, schools, stores, all daily affect the life of the modern Zulu. Communica tion has become easier, though pressure on the land is greater. Money is a common standard of value. The ancestral cult and much old ceremonial have fallen into disuse.