chapter  18
Poverty in the Welfare State (1972)
Pages 35

This paper is an expanded version of the Sidney Ball Lecture delivered in Oxford on 3 May 1972. No attempt has been made to refer to any developments since that date. In writing this paper I have made free use of Professor A. B. Atkinson’s book Poverty in Britain and the Reform of Social Security [Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969] both for describing the present position and for the discussion of proposals for reform. Professor Atkinson and Mr Alan Harrison have also undertaken for me the calculations presented in the Appendix to this paper. I have been much helped by comments from that remarkable triad of Professors - Titmuss, Townsend and Abel-Smith - who were responsible for putting this subject back into the political arena and to the work of that remarkable pressure group, the Child Poverty Action Group which, working from a tiny, dingy, meanly equipped office, has had a profound effect on policy - would that all such organizations had such a high ratio of effectiveness to overhead costs. Family Poverty, a collection of essays by members of the Child Poverty Action Group [ed. David Bull, London: Duckworth, 1971] has helped me to bring the story up to date. I am indebted to many others, including Dr G. M. Heal, Miss T. Cooper, Professor T. H. Marshall, Mr D. F. J. Piachaud, Professor A. R. Prest, Mr A. Seldon, Sir Brandon RhysWilliams, and a number of officials in various Departments for helpful comments and information.’