chapter  1
14 Pages

Making, Buying and Selling

FOR most people who earn their living, the working day begins with the sound of an alarm clock, a hurried breakfast and a journey. By train, bus, car, bicycle or on foot vast throngs of people make their way to factories, shops or offices, where they work in association with others to produce, distribute or sell the goods which society requires. This is so usual that we take it for granted but it was not always so. That these conditions exist today is the consequence of certain changes which took place during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Perhaps the greatest change was the use of power to drive machines, for this meant that a mounting volume of goods became available instead of the thin trickle previously made by hand. Moreover, the use of power-driven machines made far-reaching changes in ways of living.